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Crohn’s Disease – Dietary Recommendations and Nutritional Deficiencies

Kaif ul Sehar



Crohn’s disease – Dietary Recommendations and Nutritional Deficiencies

An inflammatory bowel disease (IBS) is a group of diseases caused by an autoimmune disorder resulting in an inflamed intestine. Crohn’s disease is one of the types of IBS. It is known for its unpredictable remission and flares. Chronic inflammation of GIT can cause ulcers in the intestine. This inflammation affects and invades deep in intestinal issue and interferes with nutrient absorption causing malnutrition. A wide variety of complications results in dehydration, kidney stone, and gallstone, vitamins, and minerals deficiency. The inflammation may attack your joints, liver, skin, eyes, and bile duct.


General symptoms:

• Bloody stool/ pus and mucus in stool
• Tenderness and rectal bleeding
• Fever
• Weight loss
• A feeling of fullness and frequent urge to poop
• Vomiting
• Anal fistula

Dietary recommendations:

You can lessen the severity and reduces the chances of recurrence of symptoms by adjusting and modifying your diet.
1. Reduce and limit your fat intake: A fat-rich diet and fat rich foods can cause diarrhea in case of Crohn’s disease. Because it affects your body’s ability to digest and absorb fats. And fat would pass undigested from small intestine to colon leading to diarrhea.
2. Lactose intolerance: Crohn’s disease interferes with the digestion of milk protein and causes lactose intolerance. You need to limit dairy products in this condition otherwise stomach and abdominal cramps would worsen the condition.
3. Drink enough water to keep dehydration off. In this condition, your body can not absorb water from your intestine efficiently. Moreover, in diarrhea, your water requirement is increased automatically.
4. In order to give rest to your intestine, it is recommended to take frequent, small meals.

Crohn’s disease – Dietary Recommendations and Nutritional Deficiencies

Trigger foods:

The foods that aggravate the symptoms are
• Fatty foods
• Fried foods
• Spicy foods
• High fibre foods
• Alcoholic beverages
• Caffeinated products
• Nuts, beans, seeds
• Dairy products and creamy sauces

The foods you need to incorporate:

In Crohn’s disease, you need to add soft and bland foods in your diet. A low residue diet is certainly a good option. It can help reduce and relieve the flare-ups.
• Banana
• Oatmeal
• Mashed potato
• Rice
• Noodles
• Lean poultry
• Diluted juices
• Plain cereals

Nutritional deficiency:

Your body’s ability to absorb certain nutrients is critically reduced in Crohn’s disease. So people with this condition are advised to take nutritional supplements to meet their body’s nutritional requirement and to maintain remission. You need to take the following nutrients supplements to cope with those symptoms effectively.
• Calcium
• zinc
• Iron and folic acid
• Vitamin B12
• Vitamin A,D,E,K
Self-medication is highly discouraged, ask your doctor before taking any supplements.

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Kaif is self-motivated Nutritionist who is passionate about creating better health outcomes and changing lives by creating health awareness. She possesses the ability to communicate complex and sensitive information about dietary matters in an understandable form to reader.