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Tranquilisers: Drugs for Treating Anxiety, Fear, Tension, Agitation & Mind Disturbances

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What Are Tranquilizers?

Tranquilisers are anti-anxiety drugs that act on your nervous system and aids in relieving the symptoms of anxiety, tension, agitation and mental disturbances. These drugs have a calming effect that is quite effective in treating stress and various mental disorders. The word tranquiliser is more often used to describe sedatives which are the substances that induce sedation.

Sedation reduces irritation or agitation by the consumption of sedative drugs or tranquillizers. These are one of the main ingredients of sleeping pills and are categorised under various drug classes based on different modes of functioning. For example, the effectiveness of tranquillizers depends upon the mode of administration, your medical history and drug class.

Tranquillizers are more likely to be abused. One can easily get addicted to them which is quite dangerous. By seeing the following symptoms you can easily diagnose if your near or dear one is abusing tranquillizer:

  • Shaky hands
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Difficulty in keeping a conversation
  • Facing trouble in breathing
  • Memory issues or mental confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea

Classification Of Tranquilizers

Tranquillizers are classified under the following two categories:

Minor Tranquilizers

These are anxiolytic drugs that are primarily used to reduce anxiety. Minor tranquillizers are the most commonly used tranquillizers and have the highest potential for abuse and addiction. These include sedatives and depressant medications that tend to depress your central nervous system. These medications can be further subdivided into the following drug classes:

Antidepressants

These medications help balance the neurotransmitters in the brain, thus helping regulate both mood and anxiety. However, these medicines may cause erection issues in men. Vidalista is one of the effective pills used to treat erection problems. In addition, Vidalista is a tadalafil tablet that is found to improve erections in men.

Barbiturates

Barbiturates are commonly used to treat insomnia and anxiety. However, these are least used nowadays due to increased drug abuse and dependence and also their excessive use may slip you into a coma or may even lead to death.

Sympatholytics

Sympatholytics work on the sympathetic nervous system and are antihypertensive drugs.

Benzodiazepines

Medicines like Ativan, Valium and Xanax are among the only 15 benzodiazepines approved by the FDA and are used to treat anxiety, insomnia, seizures, muscle spasms, agitation, alcohol withdrawal, and panic attacks. However, men taking benzodiazepines are two times more likely to get difficulty in achieving erections.

Doctors suggest pills like vidalista for patients suffering from the inability to have an erection. Vidalista is a PDE5 inhibitor and hence helps in getting firm erections by stimulating the relaxation of the penile muscles and thereby increasing the blood flow to the penis.

Side Effects Of Minor Tranquilizers

Overconsumption of minor tranquillizers can lead to the following potential side effects:

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