Cybercriminals are getting smarter all the time, and it is becoming more difficult to protect yourself from them. If you have a business that relies heavily on technology, then you need pentesting as a way of securing your IT infrastructure against cyber attacks. In this article, we will discuss what pentesting is, how it works, why it’s important for any company, who needs it and how often they should get their systems checked – plus we list the 3 best pentesting companies in India right now.
What is pentesting?
Testing a computer system or network for vulnerabilities by simulating attacks on it is called penetration testing. The intent is to exploit any weaknesses that are found. This can help you to fix any security holes before they are exploited by real-world attackers.
Types of pentesting:
There are three main types of pentesting:
Black box pentesting – This is where the pentester has no prior knowledge of the system or network.
White box pentesting – In this type of testing, the pentester has full knowledge of the system and network.
Grey box pentesting – This is a combination of black and white box testing, where the pentester has limited knowledge about the system but not enough to do a full white-box test.
How do pentests work?
The process of conducting a penetration test usually follows these steps:
Planning and reconnaissance – The first step is to gather whatever information you can about the target system. This includes identifying potential vulnerabilities and gathering data on how the system is used.
Scanning – Next, you will need to run a number of scans against your network, searching for problems that could lead to security breaches. These include vulnerability assessments (VAs) and port scanning. Vulnerability assessment software looks for known weaknesses in operating systems or programs such as web browsers, databases or applications. Port scanning determines which ports are open (and therefore vulnerable).
Exploitation – Once the vulnerabilities have been identified, it’s time to start exploiting them. This can involve using a variety of methods, such as software exploits, social engineering or password cracking.
Reporting – The final stage is to produce a report detailing the findings of the pentest and any recommendations for fixing the security issues that have been found.